The Genetics and Biodiversity Programme supports member states to improve scientific knowledge of aquatic genetic resources and to guide strategic planning in their management. The programme addresses both the conservation aspects of genetic resources and their responsible usage in aquaculture to minimise impacts on biodiversity and wild strains and to assist members to meet their obligations under international treaties.
The programme promotes international linkages between member states, capacity building, research programs to develop improved strains of finfish and shellfish, genetic characterisation of existing strains, adoption of new genetic tools and technologies and consortia regional programmes to address common issues, species and strains of value from conservation and/or aquaculture perspectives.
Key activities of the programme include:
Building capacity in aquatic genetic resource management and application of new molecular technologies, tools and strategies.
Characterising aquatic genetic resources to discover species, stocks and valuable genomic resources.
Facilitating national and regional programs for domestication, genetic improvement and conservation.
Applying conservation aquaculture models to support diversification, fishery enhancement and in-situ conservation of indigenous fish species.
Facilitating responsible exchange of germplasm, safe propagation and access-benefit sharing.
The constantly changing regulatory environment and safety requirements of importing countries pose a special challenge to small-scale aquaculture producers. The programme assists members to assure the safety and quality of aquaculture products through the adoption of science-based better management practices. Policy issues concerning aquaculture certification and activities in market access are also addressed. The programme focuses on assisting small-scale farmers to adapt to the changing trade and safety environment through cooperative-based approaches.
NACA publishes a wide range of aquaculture publications including technical manuals, workshop proceedings, better practice guidelines and several serials including Aquaculture Asia Magazine, the NACA Newsletter and the Quarterly Aquatic Animal Disease Report. To keep up to date with developments you could consider subscribing to our free email newsletter service and RSS feed.