Hatchery and nursery

Information related to hatchery management, larval rearing and seed production in aquaculture.

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Subject tags

A collection of subject tags relating to technical matters.

In this collection

Aquaculture Asia Magazine, July-September 2006

In this issue:

Resources and biodiversity of seahorses and their need for conservation in India. Captive breeding of pangasid catfish Pangasius pangasius. Establishment of post-tsunami rehabilitation information units in Thailand. Poor farmers culture tilapia intensively in ponds in Central Luzon, Philippines. Simple herbal treatment for treatment of EUS in snakehead. DNA vaccination in health management. The role of immunostimulants. Red tilapia cage culture in central Thailand. Quality improvement of farmed fish in Iranian markets.

Leaflets on better management practices for Penaeus monodon in Vietnam

A series of leaflets on better management practices for Penaeus monodon shrimp aquaculture in Vietnam. The leaflets are available in both Vietnamese and English and cover: Broodstock management for suppliers, postlarvae selection and transportation for seed traders, shrimp seed quality, pond preparation, good pond management, shrimp health management.

Better practice guidelines: Spawn production in hatcheries

These guidelines provide advice on producing fish seed in small-scale hatcheries. This publication is also available in Oriya.

Better practice guidelines: Fry production - nursing spawn

‘Spawn’ is the name for the young fish about three days old that are available from hatcheries. Sometimes these young fish are also called hatchlings. The spawn of catla, rohu and mrigal is about 6-8 mm long. At this stage, the ‘yolk sac’ is absorbed, the mouth opened and the fins fully developed. Spawn are reared intensively, first to the ‘fry’ size and then to the ‘fingerling’ size. All the three stages are marketed and collectively called ‘seed’.

Better-practice guidelines: Fast fingerling production - nursing spawn in ponds

The “fast fingerling system” can produce advanced fingerlings about two months earlier than they are normally available from fish farms.  The farmer uses just one pond for continuous growing until fingerling size is reached, and fewer fish are stocked. A farmer with a small, seasonal pond can produce fingerlings in one month. These can then be sold for a high price because everyone wants fingerlings as early as possible.

Better practice guidelines: Fingerling production nursing fry in ponds

The fingerling rearing pond, like the nursery pond, should be free from weeds and predators. Submerged weeds and predators are killed by mahua oilcake, which then acts as a good fertiliser. If there are no weeds, to kill predators and competitors quickly you can just add 100 kg of urea followed 24 hours later by 200 kg of fresh bleaching powder for a 1-ha area of a 1-m deep pond.

Better practice guidelines: Fingerling production nursing spawn and fry in pens

In watersheds, medium irrigation projects can be useful for aquaculture even though these water bodies are many times larger than ponds, and are basically built for irrigation or water storage. However, the full potential of these water bodies is not yet realised. Net pens or cages can be used to rear fingerlings in such environments.

Better practice guidelines: Advanced fingerling production in seasonal ponds

It is best to stock advanced fingerlings in large ponds, tanks, and in both small and large reservoirs, since they can better escape predators and competitors. Seasonal ponds, often 0.10-0.15 ha and 1.5-1.8 m deep can be used as rearing ponds for raising advanced fingerlings. Low water levels at the end of the season will make netting and harvesting easy.

Better practice guidelines: Advanced fingerling production in perennial ponds

Everyone wants advanced fingerlings as early after the rains as possible. They fetch a good price and make marketable fish production possible in seasonal ponds. One way to produce early season advanced fingerlings is to grow them in perennial ponds and store them at high density with minimal feeding for the coming year. Whe such "stunted" fingerlings are stocked into ponds with good feed they grow fast and can be marketed in about 6-8 months.

Better practice guidelines: Spawn production of common carp

Common carp is a foreign fish and there are several varieties. The variety used in Western Orissa is the fully scaled carp, which suits the tropical climate. Common carp lives and feeds near the pond bottom and can be grown with the Indian major carps, catla, rohu and mrigal as a 'polyculture' (which means growing many different types of fish together). It can also be grown alone, as a 'monoculture' in rice fields with high dykes that retain water.