Freshwater finfish

Information relating to aquaculture of freshwater finfish.

Creative Commons Attribution.


Species / commodity groups

Major farmed commodity or species groups.

In this collection

Naihati fish seed market as state-of-the-art for sustainable support services to fish growers, buyers and traders

Naihati fish seed market of West Bengal was established in 1976 and is the largest seed market in India. With the advent of induced breeding technology and hatcheries, fish seed is now available almost year-round, catering to the need of Indian farmers. Situated in North 24 Parganas, Naihati wholesale fish seed market is a well-known establishment that provides multifaceted services to stakeholders including fish seed growers, retailers, sellers, and mediators. This article describes the state of the market as aspects of its evolution over time.

Tilapia parvovirus disease: An emerging threat for the tilapia aquaculture industry

In late 2022 tilapia parvovirus (TiPV) was found to be associated with mass mortalities of tilapia in Odisha, India, both individually and in co-infections with tilapia lake virus. Infections have also been reported from Thailand and China. Clinical signs include lethargy, scale loss, redness on the body with haemorrhages on the operculum, base of fins and ventral part, opaqueness of the eyes, swimming near the pond edge and loss of appetite before death. This article describes the epidemiology of TiPV disease including its diagnosis, transmission, prevention and control, and its potential impact on the tilapia aquaculture industry.

Nationally-recognised ornamental fish breeder Kripan Sarkar - a man to remember

The Late Sri Kripan Sarkar was an enterprising ornamental fish breeder-cum-farmer par excellence, exporter and supplier of the same from northern part of West Bengal. As proprietor of Rainbow Ornamental Fish Farm, at Bakshipara Village in Jalpaiguri District, he was an expert and authority in scientific breeding, larval rearing, propagation, research and experimentation on economically important freshwater ornamental fishes. There was a time when Sri Sarkar was the only commercial ornamental fish breeder in north Bengal. This article documents his experiences and career as an influential pioneer in the ornamental fish culture trade.

Reported Aquatic Animal Diseases in the Asia-Pacific Region during the Second Quarter of 2023

With the implementation of the new aquatic animal disease reporting in the Asia Pacific region from January 2021, and in lieu of the published QAAD Reports (last issue published was 4th quarter of 2020), NACA is publishing reported aquatic animal diseases submitted by countries in the Asia-Pacific region. This report covers the second quarter of 2023 and the original and updated reports can be accessed from the QAAD page

Genetic management of Indian major carps

Collectively carps represent the largest global aquaculture sector, contributing over 20 percent of global aquaculture production. The Indian major carps including catla (Catla catla), rohu (Labeo rohita) and mrigal (Cirhinnus mrigala) are cultured widely across the Indian sub-continent with the main culture system being a multi-species polyculture in ponds, often including other carp species. This production sector is supported by major seed supply systems producing over 50 billion seed per annum. This case study analyses genetic management of Indian major carps since they were first domesticated with the development of hypophysation techniques in the 1950s. A review of literature and a survey of common hatchery practices identifies significant problems prevalent in the sector brought about by a lack of application of best practices in genetic management resulting in loss of genetic diversity, inbreeding and uncontrolled hybrid introgression.

Aquaculture Asia Magazine, July-September 2023

In this issue:

  • Pathway to aquaculture biosecurity: Mitigating risks, managing progressively and engaging the value chain
  • Important considerations for feed and feeding management during Indian catfish culture
  • A transitional journey from fisheries to aquaculture in Moyna
  • Colour widow tetra: A new and highly preferred aquarium fish in West Bengal
  • Expanding the horizon of aquaculture through women's empowerment
  • NACA Newsletter

Colour widow tetra: A new and highly preferred aquarium fish in West Bengal

Known as ‘glow widow tetra’, ‘glow skirt tetra’, ‘colour widow tetra’ in the ornamental fish industry, a genetically modified variety of the black widow tetra Gymnocorymbus ternetzi is the most favoured by aquarium fish hobbyists in West Bengal. Stunning and sparkling red, blue, yellow, green, pink, orange, and purple bodied colour variations of this tetra have been developed through gene transfer or transgenic technology. The fish glow when kept under blue LED lights, hence the name ‘glowfish’. Maintenance of these brightly coloured and reasonably priced fish in small and medium-sized aquariums at home, the office, hotels, and other settings has become popular in West Bengal, India.

A transitional journey from fisheries to aquaculture in Moyna

This story looks back over the last century at the fisheries scenario in Moyna, a community development block in West Bengal, India. The tremendous success of aquaculture practice in Moyna has strongly influenced farmers of surrounding districts to convert agricultural lands to aquaculture. Capture fisheries in Moyna have had a rich heritage that has gradually evolved over time. Beginning with traditional deep-water paddy-cum-capture fishery, as practices evolved the fish component of the crop began to take on greater significance, becoming the most profitable part. Over time, farmers have shifted to an aquaculture model, achieving an average yield of 12.5 tonnes/ha/year. 

Important considerations for feed and feeding management during Indian catfish culture

Natural feeds present in ponds contribute to some extent to the nutrition of fish cultured therein. But these natural food stocks become insufficient as production intensity rises. In semi-intensive and intensive systems, nutritional inputs must be partly or wholly supplemented using external feeds to support higher growth and productivity. Good quality feed is essential to achieve higher production. The selection of proper feedstuff and good formulation to meet the requirements of the cultured species will enhance acceptance and utilisation. This article discusses feed preparation, ration size, feeding rate, feed distribution and feeding schedules for culture of Indian catfishes.

Aquaculture Asia Magazine, April-June 2023

In this issue:

Aquaculture and fisheries perspectives in Arunachal Pradesh; Present status of medium saline ‘bheri’ fishery and integrated mangrove-aquaculture in West Bengal, India: A short study: Part 2; Transforming waste to wealth: An onsite demonstration of transforming fish waste into fish fertiliser to tribal communities of Jharkhand; Innovative fish sale improved livelihoods at Jurala dam in Telangana, India; Pengba, Osteobrama belangeri – a candidate species for diversification in aquaculture; First report on successful captive breeding of peacock eel, Macrognathus aral; NACA Newsletter.