A Practical Guide to Feeds and Feed Management for Cultured Grouper

Farming of groupers (members of the Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae) is widely practiced in Asia. Groupers are carnivorous and consequently prefer feeds high in fish protein. Most farms in Asia still rely on what is commonly termed "trash fish". Despite the apparent abundance and availability of "trash" fish in many areas, there are some issues and problems related to its use in fish farming.

To provide farmers with a viable alternative to feeding trash fish to grouper, the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) supported project FIS/97/73 Improved hatchery and grow-out technology for grouper aquaculture in the Asia-Pacific region from 1999 to 2002, with one component to develop formulated feed for grouper aquaculture. The experiences of the project have been synthesized into this Practical Guide to Feeds and Feed Management for Cultured Groupers to promote the use of formulated feeds; promote reduction in the use of trash fish in grouper aquaculture; and to assist farmers in making more efficient use of feeds and feed resources.

This guide explores new and better farming practices making use of formulated feeds, as well as technical aspects of feed storage and quality control, management of feeding including weaning of groupers onto formulated feeds and economic considerations.


Publisher: NACA / ACIAR

Rights: Creative Commons Attribution.


Technical publications

NACA publishes technical papers and manuals for a wide variety of farming systems and related environmental and social issues. Many of these provide guidance on better management practices with a view to improving crop outcomes and on-farm resource utilisation efficiency. By using inputs such as feed and power more efficiently, farmers can simultaneously improve their profitability and environmental performance.