The research and development mandate of NACA is addressed through five thematic work programmes and three cross-cutting work programmes that support sustainable aquaculture and aquatic resource management in the region.

Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) is a microsporidian parasite that was first characterized and named from the giant or black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon from Thailand in 2009. EHP is confined to the shrimp hepatopancreas (HP) and morphologically resembles an unnamed microsporidian previously reported in the HP of Penaeus japonicas from Australia in 2001. Together, these studies suggest that EHP is not an exotic pathogen but that it is endemic to Australasia.

A regional consultation was held to discuss culture-based fisheries development in Asia from 21 to 23 October 2014 in Siem Reap, Cambodia. The consultation was funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research as part of the project Culture-based fisheries development in Lao PDR and Cambodia. The consultation provided the opportunity to discuss the outcomes of a series successful projects that have been implemented over the past decade in the Asian region.

The NACA/USAID MARKET Gender Project organised a Gender Assessment Synthesis Workshop in Bangkok, Thailand from 29 September to 1 October 2014, which was attended by the MARKET gender project teams from Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam. The objectives of the Synthesis Workshop were to assess the status of work on the in-country gender assessment reports and the case studies, including make a start on writing of case studies.

This report, the 66th in the series, contains information about the aquatic animal health status of fourteen states in the Asia-Pacific region. The foreword discusses key activities of the NACA Regional Aquatic Animal Health Programme.

Promising aquaculture practices for sustainable intensification. Culture and breeding of Archcentrus spilurum at Tuticorin District of Tamil Nadu, India. Searching for ecological ways to reduce WSSV impact. Fisheries and aquaculture-based livelihoods prospects in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Linking farms and landscapes in the governance of sustainable Vietnamese shrimp aquaculture. Resilience of shrimp farming based livelihoods in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Farming system affects the virulence of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in penaeid shrimp.

The main objective of this symposium is to provide a venue for information sharing on extension of small-scale aquaculture, specifically targeted to those individuals and relevant organizations involved in various aquaculture development projects. The symposium will also assess and present the effectiveness of “farmer-to-farmer extension” approach in the implementation of relevant aquaculture development projects in the region. The symposium was organised for stakeholders in JICA-assisted projects in SE Asia and Africa.

NACA was privileged to have the opportunity to attend the National Fish Day celebrations in Cambodia, held at the Kdol Reservoir in Kampol Chhnange Province on 1 July and organised by the Fisheries Administration. Approximately 10,000 people attended the ceremony, including many school children and villagers from surrounding areas, which was presided over by Prime Minister Hun Sen. The ceremony concluded with the release of approximately 1.5 million fry into the reservoir, as well as a large number of adult broodstock of a wide variety of species.

This report, the 65th in the series, contains information about the aquatic animal health status of thirteen states in the Asia-Pacific region. The foreword discusses the outcomes of the 13th meeting of the Asia Regional Advisory Group on Aquatic Animal Health.

In this issue:

Labour issues in the fishing and aquaculture industries. Commercial tilapia farming at take-off point in Fiji. Tank based captive breeding and seed production of the pearlspot (Etroplus suratensis). Cage culture of pearlspot in Kerala, India. Culture-based fisheries exchange visit from Lao PDR to Cambodia. National Fish Day, Cambodia. WAS Adelaide: Special Session on Regional Cooperation for Improved Biosecurity. Inbreeding and disease in tropical shrimp aquaculture: A reappraisal and caution.