Better practice guidelines: Fry production - nursing spawn

‘Spawn’ is the name for the young fish about three days old that are available from hatcheries. Sometimes these young fish are also called hatchlings. The spawn of catla, rohu and mrigal is about 6-8 mm long. At this stage, the ‘yolk sac’ is absorbed, the mouth opened and the fins fully developed. Spawn are reared intensively, first to the ‘fry’ size and then to the ‘fingerling’ size. All the three stages are marketed and are collectively called ‘fish seed’.

It is best to stock ponds and tanks with ‘fingerlings’ - fish from 100-150 mm long. It is more common to find ‘fry’ which are not yet that big, but stocking fry straight into a pond often results in low survival.

It is best to rear spawn in a small, shallow, seasonal pond, known as a nursery pond. A nursery pond is often between 5 and 10 decimals (0.02-0.04 ha in size) and 1 to 1.5 m deep. These small ponds are:

  • Well-oxygenated.
  • Easy to sample and harvest.
  • Easy to fertilise and disinfect.
  • Need little water for draining and refilling.

This publication is also available in Oriya.


Publisher: WORLP / NACA

Rights: Creative Commons Attribution.


Technical publications

NACA publishes technical papers and manuals for a wide variety of farming systems and related environmental and social issues. Many of these provide guidance on better management practices with a view to improving crop outcomes and on-farm resource utilisation efficiency. By using inputs such as feed and power more efficiently, farmers can simultaneously improve their profitability and environmental performance.